What Are The Control Systems Used In Automation?

Controls and automation engineering services are considered one of the most important industries in today’s world. It is been around since its inception and has evolved a lot over the years. It continues to evolve at an extremely fast rate, with innovations that manufacturers introduce every day.

What Is Automation Engineering?

Automation Engineering is the discipline of designing, building and operating industrial automation systems, including robots. These systems are used to perform repetitive or precise tasks in manufacturing industries. Industries use it as a means of streamlining manufacturing operations and increasing speed.

Manufacturers use automated machining for many applications, such as:

  • Automated assembly lines
  • Robotic arms
  • Computer-controlled machines.

Moreover, this field often works in collaboration with designers, programmers, and other engineers on projects that require the use of advanced electronics and software technologies. In addition to developing new technology, this field often works with computer-aided design (CAD) software to create drawings of components or systems that can be used as part of their designs.

Professional Engineering Company

Controls in Automation Engineering

Automation engineering consists of different controls, software and equipment that makes the automation of the machine possible. Without those machines, it’s nearly impossible for a professional engineering company to make the automation of a computer machine. 

It’s because, when an engineer plans to automate a physical machine or to convert it in a robot.

This process contains a collaborations of design, algorithm, equipments and controls in very precise order. Here’s a brief guide on some of the common controls used in automation engineering:

Common Controls Used In Automation Engineering

When hiring a controls and automation engineering services, it’s essential to stay aware of what type of controls they use in their automation. Therefore, here’s a brief guide on common controls used in automation engineering:

Low-level Programming Languages 

Programming languages is the 1st base of automation. Automation isn’t possible from a professional engineering company without programming a machine. In easy language, you need to instruct or tell the machine what to do. And that’s only possible through a computer programs and coding languages. 

Coding languages are a computer programs that work as a translator for the computers. And human engineers, give them commands through a specified set of instructions. And only a computer can interpret that set of instructions. 

In this field, we use low level programming languages and not high-level. However, in modern field, there’s an interpreter that converts high-level into low-level language for a machine to understand. 

IR Sensors

Unlike humans, machines don’t have eyes and they can’t look like we humans do. That’s why machines need something to configure the manufacturing since there’s no human to guide them in automation.

Using cameras in controls and automation engineering services isn’t efficient. It’s because then we need to program the shapes, colors and images for the computer to recognize the stuff handling.

That’s why IR sensors are a good choice. They work as an eyes for the cameras and are efficiency as well. Programmers only need to program the depth and shape of the object and that’s. When a certain criteria reaches, the machine will turn itself on. 

There are various other alternatives for IR sensors. E.g, infrared, ultra-violet, and night visions. However, IR is the most efficient one to use as a camera in the machines for automation.

Robotic Arms

When you hire a professional engineering company for automation of machines. They automate the physical work. And to perform a physical work through a machine, they need arms and joints. Just like human limbs, machines also need joints and arms for performing a work.

Especially, in robotics, we use arms in manufacturing process. They are also known as “robotic arms”. Robotics arms refer to a combination of mechanical arms and joints. Programmers then program it to perform a certain task without human help. That’s the short definition of robotic arms. 

When using robotic arms, engineers install a CPU in them, it’s the brain of the arm. And programmer uses low-level programming language and programs the arm. 

Moreover, unlike human limbs, heavy-duty motors are installed in their joints so they can move the heavy load. And of course, the arms are made from cast-iron or aluminium, so they don’t break under heavy load.

Assembly Line

Unfortunately, robotics haven’t become so advanced that they can change their location. Therefore, they need an assembly line from where they can operate without changing their base location. 

An assembly line is a train that travels the manufacturing items to robotic arms. It’s a repetitive task, so the engineer only needs to program the arm one time. 

The assembly line consists of a heavy-duty belt and rotors. Manufacturing items are placed on the belt. And robots will do their work on that belt to save time. The belt must be heavy-duty and strong enough to hold the heavyweight metal items. And of course, the load of robotic arms.

On the other hand, rotors are the machines that move the belt, so the assembly line can continue in a flow and at a repetitive task. The rotors are usually located under the assembly line or at the starting or end. 

If the line holds heavy weight equipments, then rotors will be placed under the line. However, in regular scenarios, they are located in the start and at the end of the line.

FAQ

What are the control systems used in automation?

Here’re some of the common controls used in automation engineering:

  • Low-level Programming Languages 
  • IR Sensors
  • Robotic Arms
  • Assembly Line

What are controls and automation engineering?

Automation Engineering is the discipline of designing, building, and operating industrial automation systems, including robots. These systems are used to perform repetitive or precise tasks in manufacturing industries.

How do we program a robot?

You need to instruct or tell the machine what to do. And that’s only possible through computer programs and coding languages. 

Why cameras aren’t used in robotics?

Using cameras in controls and automation engineering services isn’t efficient. It’s because then we need to program the shapes, colors, and images for the computer to recognize the stuff handling.

How CAD is used in Automation?

This field often works with computer-aided design (CAD) software to create drawings of components or systems that can be used as part of their automation designs.